Stanford professor Carol Dweck distilled Salvador Maddi’s three mindsets into two mindsets in her book, Mindset: The New Psychology of Success.
This “nature” mindset can lead to fear, anxiety, protectiveness and guardedness.
Research by K. Anders Ericsson demonstrated that highly skilled experts in nearly every field are distinguished from their talented peers by practice.
Similarly, Malcolm Gladwell asserted that expert performance comes after 10,000 hours of practice.
Although mindsets consist of relatively stable beliefs, they can be modified by reinforcing, praising, and rewarding performance strategy and process, not the resulting outcome.
Cynthia Kivland introduced a practice of “vetting emotions” using a three step process to investigate and manage emotions
• Validate – Name the emotion
• Explore – What is the broader context?
What are the familiar reaction patterns?
• Tolerate – Transform limiting emotions into information and intelligence to move forward
Martin Seligman in his book, Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life
• Personalization of cause, responsibility: Internal control vs External control
• Pervasiveness of event and impact: Specific vs Global
• Permanence of event and impact: Temporary vs. Continuing
Kivland suggested that mindsets and related attitudes can direct individuals to either of two paths:
• Surviving Path, based on reactive, fearful protecting from anticipated danger
• Hope Path, proactive, thriving, growing, able to let go of fears, observe emotions as information for decision-making rather than as unpleasant experiences to be tolerated
Dweck’s Brainology software for students
-*What “mindsets” help you achieve optimal performance in work and life activities?